Engine mods:
When you think of power, your engine come first in mind. Increasing power is one way to accelerate faster and have a higher top speed. Modifying your engine can be cheap at first (ECU, CAI, etc) which are just a few hundred dollars. However if you want to take it a step further, and have forced induction, these mods come with a hefty price tag (Turbocharger, Supercharger, etc). When modifying your engine, make sure your car can handle the extra power it will be making (crank case, differentials, tires) and upgrading your brakes might be a smart decision.

Body mods:
When modifying the body of your car, it brings personality and ownership to the car. There are many cheap kits online to modify the exterior of your car. However these sometimes look terrible. That’s why it is worth it to save up and buy a wider body kit or customize it by a body shop.

Modifying your exhaust might be something you want to do. Not only can you gain quite abit of power by doing so, your car will also have a nice unique sound.

Suspension/tire/brakes mods:
Tire, suspension and brake mods should probably be one of the first mods you do on your car. Modifying these items will make your car handle better and be safer. Although some may think that these upgrades are a waste of money, I personally think that these mods are even more important than body mods and are cheaper than some engine mods.


Different Fuel Sources

  • Diesel vs Gas

Gas cars burn gasoline to make power. Gasoline engine cars are the most popular types of cars. The pro of burning gas is lower emissions, high power and cheap fuel source.

Diesel is usually burnt in truck engines, but is also seen in a few cars. Diesel have the advantage of getting better mileage than gasoline engines. Diesels usually also make more torque than gasoline cars.

Different Shells

  • Coupes vs Sedans vs SUV vs Wagons 

Coupes are cars equipped with only two doors and two seats. Coupes are usually rear wheel drive sports cars because of their lightweight and lack of utility.

Sedans are cars equipped with four doors, and either four or five seats. Sedans have a closed trunk and are usually lower to the ground than SUV’s. Sedans are very common which gives a good variety to choose from.

SUV or Sport Utility Vehicle are bigger vehicles than coupes and sedans. Usually equipped with all wheel drive and beefy suspension, SUV’s are the best when it comes to rough terrain. A downside for SUV’s is their weight compared to smaller vehicles.

Wagons are similar to sedans except for the trunk which resembles the one of an SUV. Wagons are often called family cars because of their good gas mileage and their utility. They make for great sleepers*(cars that look slow but are extremely quick)

Types of engines

  • Types of engines:

Inline configuration for an engine is just as the word describes it, multiple cylinders inline with each other. Inline engines are usually of 2 to 6 cylinders. They are the simplest of  the bunch and can make a lot of power if tuned properly.

The boxer configuration, also known as the flat configuration is opposed from the other cylinder. This gives the engine very little vibration because the pistons oppose each other cancelling out the vibration. Boxer engines are smooth but are less common than inline engines which make them more expensive and complicated to fix.

V configuration:
V configured engines are quite common, usually for their V6 and V8 engines. These engines have the pistons offset at an angle (usually 60 or 90 degrees). Their main benefit is that they are more compact that the other piston engines.

The Rotary Engine, also known as the Wankel engine is an engine that has far less moving parts compared to a piston engine. That link has a good description on haw the rotary engine works. Rotary engines profit from making high power to weight ratio, but suffer from poor emissions and short lifespan for the engine.

4 vs 6 vs 8  vs 12 cylinders:
Most cars have 4 cylinder engines. This gives the best gas mileage out of the bunch but usually does not make as much power (unless modified). 6 cylinder engines consume quite a bit more fuel than the smaller 4 cylinder engine. However the 6 cylinder engines usually make more horsepower and torque than the previous engine. The sound of a 6 cylinder engine is unique as it is usually raspy. 8 cylinder engines are usually found in sport cars and big heavy trucks. The reason being they make a lot of power  compared to the 4 and 6 cylinder engines. Their main con is that they get poor fuel economy. 12 cylinder engines are usually found in very high end sports cars and luxury cars. They make plenty power and are extremely smooth. however they get awful fuel economy and are very expensive to repair.

Drive trains

  • FWD vs RWD vs AWD

FWD: FWD or Front Wheel Drive is a type of drive train just like the ones bellow. Front Wheel Drive uses the front wheels to propel the car.

Pros of FWD: Simplest to work on, most common, lighter than other options.
Cons of FWD: Limited traction in poor conditions, more difficult for drifting.

RWD: RWD or Rear wheel drive is also a type of drive train just like FWD, except for the fact that Rear Wheel Drive uses the rear wheels to propel the car.

Pros of RWD: Better handling, ideal for drifting, better weight distribution.
Cons of RWD: Less common than FWD and AWD, poor traction in the rain or snow.

AWD: AWD or All Wheel Drive is a drive train that uses all four wheels of a vehicle to propel it self.

Pros of AWD: Excellent traction compared to FWD and AWD, capable off road.
Cons of AWD: Much heavier than the two other options, loss of power in the differentials.